Helping you become all that you are capable of becoming!



Religious and Spirituality

Related Ethical Issues

Professional Mental Health Ethics

A Training Resource

By James J Messina, Ph.D., CCMHC, NCC, DCMHS-T

References for Religious Related Ethical Issues

Balkin, R.S., Watts, R.E. & Ali, S.R. (2014). A conversation about the intersection of faith, sexual orientation, and gender Jewish, Christian, and muslim perspectives. Journal of Counseling & Development, 92(2), 187-193. DOI: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.2014.00147.x


Barnett, J.E. & Johnson, W.B. (2011). Integrating spirituality and religion into psychotherapy: Persistent dilemmas, ethical issues, and a proposed decision-making process. Ethics & Behavior, 21(2), 147-164. DOI: 10.1080/10508422.2011.551471


Bergin, A.E. (1991). Values and religious issues in psychotherapy and mental health. American Psychologist, 46(4), 394-403,


Choudhuri, D.D. & Kraus, K.L.( 2014). Buddhist perspectives for addressing values conflicts in counseling: Possibilities for practice. Journal of Counseling & Development, 92(2), 194-201. DOI: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.2014.00148.x


Gubi, P.M. (2009). A qualitative exploration into how the use of prayer in counseling and psychotherapy might be ethically problematic. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 9(2), 115-121. DOI: 10.1080/14733140802685312.


Herlihy, B.J., Hermann, M.A. & Greden, L.R. (2014) Legal and ethical implications of using religious beliefs as the basis for refusing to counsel certain clients. Journal of Counseling & Development, 92(2), 148-153. DOI: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.2014.00142.x


Jackson, J. & Coyle, A. (2009). The ethical challenge of working with spiritual difference: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of practitioners’ accounts. Counselling Psychology Review, 24(3/4), 86-99.


Malinen, T. (2010). Psychotherapy as an ethical and spiritual exercise. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 21(4), 287-298. DOI: 10.1080/08975353.2010.529053


Plante, T.G. (2007). Integrating spirituality and psychotherapy Ethical issues and principles to consider. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 63(9), 891-902. DOI: 10.1002/jclp.20383.


Rosenfield, G.W. (2011).Contributions from ethics and research that guide integrating religion into psychotherapy. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 42(2), 192-199. DOI: 10.1037/a0022742


Tan, S.Y. (2003). Integrating spiritual direction into psychotherapy: Ethical issues and guidelines. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 31(1), 14-23.